2 edition of Higher taxa of Basidiomycetes found in the catalog.
Higher taxa of Basidiomycetes
|Statement||by Walter Jülich|
|Series||Bibliotheca mycologica -- 85|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||485 p.,  folded leaf of plates :|
|Number of Pages||485|
In this paper, we provide a phylogenetic overview of Basidiomycota and related phyla in relation to ten years of DNA based phylogenetic studies since the AFTOL publications in We selected species to address phylogenetic relationships of higher-level taxa using a maximum-likelihood framework and sequence data from six genes traditionally used in fungal molecular systematics . Fungus - Fungus - Outline of classification of fungi: Since the s, dramatic changes have occurred in the classification of fungi. Improved understanding of relationships of fungi traditionally placed in the phyla Chytridiomycota and Zygomycota has resulted in the dissolution of outmoded taxons and the generation of new taxons. The Chytridiomycota is retained but in a restricted sense.
The broad taxonomic range of basidiomycete sequences recovered (Fig. (Fig.3) 3) confirms the utility of these primers, although we cannot exclude the possibility that a few taxa or even major unknown lineages of basidiomycetes possess novel mismatches in the targeted regions and were not detected in our sampling for this reason. The fungal genus Serpula (Serpulaceae, Boletales) comprises several saprotrophic (brown rot) taxa, including the aggressive house-infecting dry rot fungus Serpula lacrymans. Recent phylogenetic analyses have indicated that the ectomycorrhiza forming genera Austropaxillus and Gymnopaxillus cluster within Serpula. In this study we use DNA sequence data to investigate phylogenetic relationships.
Characteristics. Agaricomycotina are quite variable in both macroscopic and microscopic features. Traditionally, one of the most important characters in the higher-level taxonomy of Basidiomycota has been the form and septation of the basidia (the cells in which meiosis occurs, and on which sexual spores are formed) (Talbot, ; McNabb, ). In order to study the diversity of Agaricomycotina in forest soils, we designed primers targeting the more alignable 28S (LSU) gene, which should be more useful for phylogenetic analyses of the detected taxa. This paper compares the performance of the established ITS1F/4B primer pair, which targets basidiomycetes, to that of two new pairs.
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Genre/Form: Classification: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Jülich, Walter. Higher taxa of Basidiomycetes. Vaduz: J. Cramer, (OCoLC) Contact our curators. Bensch Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute, Uppsalalaan 8, Utrecht, The Netherlands Botanische Staatssammlung München, Menzinger Straße 67, D München, Germany.
Basidiomycetes are fungi that produce their sexual spores, called basidiospores, on a club-shaped spore-producing structure called a basidium (Figs. and ).Most Basidiomycetes are fleshy fungi, such as the common mushrooms, the puffballs, and the shelf fungi or conks, and are either saprophytes or cause wood decay, including root and stem rots of trees (Figs.
and ). BOOK REVIEWS Higher Taxa of Basidiomycetes, by Walter Jiilich. Biblotheca Mycologia, Vol. 85, J. Cramer, Vaduz, Liechtenstein.
Price, DM ,-(by subscrip-tion, DM ,-). This book will be an essential reference, as a source of names, for academic and research institutes involved with the systematics of basidiomycetes. It is not. Heterobasidiomycetes, including jelly fungi, smuts and rusts, are basidiomycetes with septate contrasts them to homobasidiomycetes (alternatively called holobasidiomycetes), including most mushrooms and other Agaricomycetes, which have aseptate division of all basidiomycetes between these two groups has been influential in fungal taxonomy, and is still used.
Higher Taxa of Basidiomycetes: An 18S Rrna Gene Perspective. Eric C. Swann Department of Plant Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California & John W. Taylor Department of Plant Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California Pages Accepted 02 Aug Redhead SA, Ginns JH () Book review of “higher Taxa of Basidiomycetes” by W.
Higher taxa of Basidiomycetes book. Mycologia – Google Scholar Redhead SA, Ginns JH () A reappraisal of agaric genera associated with brown rots of wood. HIGHER TAXA OF BASIDIOMYCETES: AN 18S rRNA GENE PERSPECTIVE Eric C.
Swann1 and John W. Taylor Department of Plant Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California abstract In order to identify monophyletic groups and evaluate competing class level systems of classification, we sequenced the 18S rRNA gene from nine basidiomycetes.
Basidiomycota is a classification that describes a wide variety of organisms. It is estimated that there are ab species, and more species are being discovered all the time. For example, the work of Geml et.
al () and Bergauer et al. () has led to. The Basidiomycotina is the most diverse subphylum in the Basidiomycota, and the taxa include common tree ears.
jelly fungi, fairy clubs, bracket fungi, puffballs, gill mushrooms, and polypores. Typically, they can be differentiated on the basis of their basidiocarps, which show great disparity in form. In general, the basidiospores are the.
Finally we performed a phyloproteomics analysis from Basidiomycota species and 6 outgroup taxa using amino-acid sequences retrieved from orthologous genes. Recognition of higher taxa. Whereas the known members of the Agaricostilbomycetidae are dimorphic, most of the taxa belonging to the Urediniomycetidae are filamentous.
Examples of teleomorphic taxa of the Agaricostilbomycetidae are Agaricostilbum Wright, a fungus associated with palms, Chionosphaera Cox, which produces holobasidia, and Kondoa Yamada, Nakagawa & Banno. This page was last edited on 30 Mayat Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may using.
Mycorrhizae, the symbiotic associations of plant roots and fungal hyphae, are classic examples of mutualisms. In these ecologically important associations, the. In contrast to several recent phylogenetic studies of the Basidiomycota, shown to be polyphyletic and resulted in a number of new genera and higher taxa (e.g.
Lodge et Book. Jan. EVOLUTION IN THE HIGHER BASIDIOMYCETES. x + p. + 13 plts., num. figs. (H) VG condition, hardbound, in good, price-clipped dustjacket. NOT ex-library copy. Seller Inventory # Phylogenetic taxon definitions (PTDs) are explicit, phylogeny-based statements that specify clades.
PTDs are central to the system of rank-free classification that is governed by the PhyloCode, but they can also be used to clarify the meanings of ranked names.
We present PTDs for four major groups: Fungi, Dikarya, Ascomycota, and Basidiomycota. This page was last edited on 3 Juneat Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may using. INTRODUCTION Mating systems of basidiomycetes are the possible ways in which basidiomycetes can interect with each other in order for reproduction.
For example: Mashrooms. 4 4. BASIDIOMYCETES Any of a group of higher fungi have septate hyphae and spore borne on basidium,that include rust, smut, mushrooms and puffballs.
The Basidiomycotina is the most diverse subphylum in the Basidiomycota, and the taxa include common tree ears (Figure 8), jelly fungi (Figure 9), fairy clubs (Figure 10), bracket fungi (Figure 11), puffballs (Figure 12), gill mushrooms (Figure 13), and polypores (Figure 14).
Swann, E. and J. Taylor. Higher taxa of basidiomycetes. Basidiomycota are found in virtually all terrestrial ecosystems, as well as freshwater and marine habitats (Kohlmeyer and Kohlmeyer, ; Hibbett and Binder, ). Basidiomycota have a huge impact on human affairs and ecosystem functioning.
Many Basidiomycota obtain nutrition by decaying dead organic matter, including wood and leaf litter.Zhao, R.-L. & al. (+ 13 authors) () A six-gene phylogenetic overview of Basidiomycota and allied phyla with estimated divergence times of higher taxa and a phyloproteomics perspective.
Fungal Diversity Taxonomy. Phanerochaetaceae was first conceived by Swedish mycologist John Eriksson in as the subfamily Phanerochaetoideae of the Corticiaceae.
It was later published validly by Erast Parmasto inand raised to familial status by Swiss mycologist Walter Jülich in The type genus is Phanerochaete. InKarl-Henrik Larsson proposed using the name Phanerochaetaceae to refer.